Python Development with Code Capsules
In this guide, we'll clone an existing Python repository and take a look at how to edit the project locally before pushing the changes to GitHub. The final step will be to deploy the application with the changes we made locally to Code Capsules.
Clone Starter Project
We'll be using an example starter project provided by Code Capsules on their GitHub repository. Fork this repository by clicking “Fork” at the top-right of your screen and selecting your GitHub account as the destination. Clone the forked repository to your machine by clicking the green “Code” button and copying the link that appears in the pop-up.
Open a terminal window on your machine and navigate to your preferred working directory. Run
git clone <FORKED-REPO-URL>, replacing
<FORKED-REPO-URL> with the link you copied from the pop-up above.
Run Starter Project Locally
Before we can run the project locally, we need to create and activate a virtual environment where we'll install the project's dependencies. Depending on your machine, run the appropriate commands from the ones listed below:
python3 -m venv env source env/bin/activate
py -m venv env .\env\Scripts\activate
Next, install the project's dependencies by running
pip install -r requirements.txt in the same terminal window your environment is activated in.
To start the application, run the command
python3 -m flask run in the same terminal window and you should see the application in your browser.
app/routes.py file in your text editor and add the code snippet below to add another route to the app:
@app.route('/greeting') def greeting(): return "Hello there, thank you for visiting my new route"
You need to stop and restart the server in order to see your changes.
Push the Changes
Add and commit the changes you made by running the commands below in a terminal window while in the project's root folder:
git add app/routes.py git commit -m "Added new route"
Push the changes to your remote repository by running
git push in the same terminal window.
Link to GitHub
To link Code Capsules to your remote GitHub repository, log in to your Code Capsules account and click your profile image at the top right of the screen. Find the “GitHub” button under “GitHub Details”.
Click the “GitHub” button, select your GitHub username, and do the following in the dialog box that appears:
- Select “Only Select Repositories”.
- Choose the GitHub repository you recently pushed to.
- Press “Install & Authorize”.
Add Repository to Team
Select “Team Settings” in the top navigation bar to switch to the “Team Settings” tab.
Click on the “Modify” button under the Team Repos section. An “Edit Team Repos” screen will slide in from the right. Click “Add” next to the demo repo, and then “Confirm”. All the Spaces in your Team will now have access to this repo.
Create a Space for your App
Spaces are an organisational tool for your applications. You can select the Personal Space that you find in your default Personal Team to host this app, or you can create a new Space. In the “Spaces” Tab, click the “Create A New Space For Your Apps” button.
Follow the prompts, choosing your region and giving your Space a name, then click “Create Space”.
Create the Capsule
A Capsule provides the server for hosting an application on Code Capsules.
Navigate to the “Spaces” tab and open the Space you’ll be using.
Click the “Create a New Capsule for Your Space” button, and follow the instructions below:
- Choose “Backend Capsule”.
- Under “Product”, select “Sandbox”.
- Choose your remote GitHub repository.
- Press “Next”.
- Leave “Run Command” blank.
- Click “Create Capsule”.
Code Capsules will automatically build your application when you’ve finished creating the Capsule. While the build is in progress, you can view the log by clicking “View Build Progress” next to the “Building Capsule” message.
Once your application is live, you can view the build log by selecting the “Deploy” tab and clicking the “View build log” link in the “Builds” section.
Once the build is complete, a “Live Website” link will appear at the top of the tab. Click the link and you should see your deployed application.
If you’d like to deploy another application in a different language or framework, take a look at our other deployment guides.